時態—-未來簡單式

2009/12/18 12:09
Sammy 老師
分類: 文法

終於進行到未來式囉!

未來簡單式 (Simple Future) 用在表達未來會發生的事或對未來的計畫

它有兩種句型:

(1) 主詞 + am / are / is going to V (表預定計畫)

(2) 主詞 + will + 原形動詞 (表較肯定會發生的事或表示 願意...”)

雖說兩種句型都是未來式, 但意義還是不太一樣的

: I am going to see a movie tomorrow. (表達計畫)

I will see a movie tomorrow. (肯定會發生的事)

另外, 如果 be going to 後面接的動詞剛好也是 go 的話

可以把 to go 兩個字省掉

: I’m going to go shopping tomorrow.

= I’m going shopping tomorrow.

而現在進行式 (主詞 + am / are / is + Ving) 也可取代未來式, 用來指未來要做的事

但當然最好把時間說清楚, 才不會在沒有上下文的情況下讓別人誤以為是此刻正在做的事

: Ted is coming home this afternoon.

We’re taking a vacation next week.

以下是兩種未來簡單式的基本變化範例:

(1) I am going to have dinner with Tom.

I am not going to have dinner with Tom.

Are you going to have dinner with Tom?

When are you going to have dinner with Tom?

Ann is going to make some tea.

Ann isn’t going to make (any) tea.

Is Ann going to make (any) tea?

What is Ann going to make?

My parents are going to take a trip to Europe.

My parents aren’t going to take a trip to Europe.

Are your parents going to take a trip to Europe?

When are your parents going to take a trip to Europe?

(2) I will talk to my boss about this.

I won’t talk to my boss about this. (won’t = will not)

Will you talk to your boss about this?

When will you talk to your boss about this?

Chris will get home around ten.

Chris won’t get home around ten.

Will Chris get home around ten?

When will Chris get home?

Mr. and Mrs. Lee will move to New York next year.

Mr. and Mrs. Lee won’t move to New York next year.

Will Mr. and Mrs. Lee move to New York next year?

Where will Mr. and Mrs. Lee move (to) next year?



 
 

Do you leave your classroom with questions?

Do you stare at your blank homework page?

Are you confused why your paper is covered in red?

Do you have trouble learning new things because you didn't understand the previous lesson?

Have you lost your curiosity, so learning English is boring?

Ask the Teacher!

Join Jonathan's "Ask the Teacher" supplemental Q&A class.

回應

登入帳號以留言

上一頁: 史上最瘋狂玩具—-Pet Rock

下一頁: Law Abiding Citizen 重案對決