英文裡的名詞子句 (一)

2010/10/07 06:38
Sammy 老師
分類: 文法

所謂名詞子句, 就是把一個句子當作名詞來用

名詞的一般用途是主詞或受詞, 所以名詞子句也一樣當作主詞或受詞, 只不過它是個句子

比如說 I don’t know his name. 這個句子裡, his name know 的受詞

如果把這句話改成: I don’t know where he lives.

where he lives 這個子句一樣是當 know 的受詞, 受詞一定是名詞, 所以它就是個名詞子句

今天我們就先來學這種比較簡單的, 也就是當作受詞用的名詞子句

名詞子句的結構是:

(1) 疑問詞 (where, who, when, what, why, how, which) + 主詞 + 動詞 (從疑問句變來的)

(2) that + 主詞 + 動詞 (指事實)

(3) if / whether (是否) + 主詞 + 動詞

比如原本疑問句是: Who is he?

改成名詞子句時, 因為名詞子句不再是疑問句, 所以不用疑問句的句型

而用一般句子 先主詞再動詞的結構

因此要在 Who is he? 前面加個 Do you know 的話

整句就成了: Do you know who he is?

若是過去式的疑問句 Where did he go?

前面加了 I don’t know , 整句就要說: I don’t know where he went. (恢復過去式動詞)

that 帶出的名詞子句是一個事實的直述句 (肯定或否定句)

比如 I didn’t know (that) Jack got fired.

that 接的名詞子句是當受詞時, that 通常可以省略

當一個 Yes-No 問句要變成名詞子句時, 我們就得加入 if whether 來表示 是否...”

句尾也可以再加個 or not

Is he OK? 如果前面要加 Do you know

就要變成 Do you know if / whether he is OK (or not)?

or not 也可以直接放在 whether 的後面, 但不可直接放在 if 後面

比如: Do you know whether or not he is OK? (O)

Do you know if or not he is OK? (X)

另外還要注意句尾標點的問題

句尾的標點是以主要子句, 也就是開頭的子句為準

Do you know… / Could you tell me… 最後就要用問號

I don’t know / I think ... 最後用的就是句點

現在大家來練習看看以下的題目, 把兩個句子用名詞子句的方式連接成一句:

1. Did you hear? Jack got married.

2. I need to know. When did they leave?

3. Do you understand? How important is this?

4. I don’t know. Where does Amy live?

5. Do you know? Has Tim ever been to Thailand?

6. I don’t remember. Is her father a doctor?

7. Nobody knows. Can she play the piano?

8. Nobody knows. She can play the piano.

9. Nobody knows. What can she play?

10. I have no idea. Which color did he choose?

Answers:

1. Did you hear (that) Jack got married?

2. I need to know when they left.

3. Do you understand how important this is?

4. I don’t know where Amy lives.

5. Do you know if/whether Tom has been to Thailand (or not)?

6. I don’t remember if/whether her father is a doctor.

7. Nobody knows if/whether she can play the piano (or not).

8. Nobody knows (that) she can play the piano.

9. Nobody knows what she can play.

10. I have no idea which color he chose.


Over the course of an entire day, do you spend more than 30 minutes reading English?

閱讀英文,甚至是簡單的句子,對您來說有困難嗎?

您是否花了不少時間練習,卻苦於無法評量進步與否?

您在試著想出句子所表達的內容方面所花的精力,是不是比想出它們所表達的概念更多?

我們為您製作了 Blink Training System!





這是一項有趣的挑戰。 每天只要10個句子,您就可以在結束時的成果記錄中看到自己英語閱讀能力的進步了。

點擊這裡來查看。

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